D A O I S M
Modern Taoism had its origins in Schamanism and developed under the influence of Laozi and later of Mahayana toward actual Spirituality as it is described in the "Tao Te King".

The highest Tao is the leading "sense" behind all things and comparable with the higher Brahman of Adi Shankara and the buddhist ' big emptyness' which is similarly known in Taoism as 'Tàixū'.

'One cannot cognize Dao only by speaking about It.
One cannot name by a human name that Origin of the sky and earth which is the Mother of everything.
Only he who is free from worldly passions can see It; he who has such passions can see only Its Creations.
The Dao and Its Creations are One in essence, though called by different names. The passage which exists between them is a door to all the miraculous.'
(Tao Te King, chapter 1 )

'The five colours may blind the eyes;
The five tones may deafen the ears;
The five flavours may dull the taste;
Racing and hunting may madden the mind;
Rare commodities may prompt people’s illicit activities.
Therefore, The sage emphasizes the essentials of life, not the superficial temptations.
So he accepts this and rejects the other.'
(Tao Te King, chapter 12)

Book combustion
Daoism had in the sixth century the problem of the book combustion. The emperor Qin Shi Huang ordered the burning of all philosophy books and history books from states other than Qin — beginning in 213 BCE [>*<] - again in the sixth century and again through emperor Tschen Lung, who had let all books gather and catalog and let burn 2000 titles. Therefore come most classical texts from later times.
The internal secret doctrine stayed however preserved orally in family traditions. Out of geografic reasons, the Taoism mixed up with the Mahayana buddhism(Chan) and developed true spirituality.
Mao Tse Tung tried to extinguish Daoism and other religious groups within the culture revolution and only six Shaolin monks survived. Today are again several thousand monks training in the Shaolin order to which the emperors permitted in the past to spread the buddhism in China because of their achievements.

Yin - Yang
The two big polar forces Yang and Yin exist from hinduist sight in region of the polarities of Vishnu(trimurti).
They correspond with the polar electric and magnetic fluids of white magic(Fr. Bardon) und can be found in a modified form on all plains. On the mental plain are the 'small Yin' and the 'small Yang' bound to the poles of this plain(prakriti : buddhi - manas of hinduism).
In Taoism they are often generalized on all areas and connected with food and plants etc..

Chi and Shen
The taoist Chi of the meridians of the acupuncture medicine is comparable with the Prana of the yoga. Therewith is Taoism also a path from the 'green dragon' (Prana) to the 'golden dragon' (Pranava on the buddhic plane), according to the practiceen technology, and then higher with the spiritual Yin-Yang-forces(comparable with the cosmic snake of Vishnu).
The entirely negative aspects of the material dragon are not mentioned in Daoism, with exception of the fire dragon in the 'Xingming guizhi'.
The material body is influenced only indirectly with the means of 'Chi' and the above forces. 'Chi' means in about "spiritual harmonizing power of purity" and it is effective against the negative powers of the dragon.
Another force is Shen which implies a person's mental function and consciousness.

Taoism is therefore in the beginning a higher magic training. First exercises as described in "The secret of the golden Flower" prove the existence of higher spiritual scool with the goal of creating the "golden elixir" and the spiritual body.
Lit. :
Frank: Old Chinese healing ways, Jopp publishing houses 1991, ISBN 3-926955-29-5
Cavelius/Li Wu: Practice book of the Chinese medicine, Ludwig - edition
Stephan Palos: Breath and meditation, TB - incl. Measurements of alpha waves and beta waves of the brain during breating methods
Lu Kuan Yü (Charles Luk) : Taoist yoga; secrets of the Chinese meditation

Shaolin and Taijiquan
To the internal martial arts practiced in China where the Chi plays a significant role is also the Taijiquan counted.
The chinese Shaolin became public because of their perfection in martial arts (Tao Lu). Afterr the legend taught Bodhidharma the Shaolin Monastery the combination of meditation practices like Chan/Zen and the toughten up body movements 'Xǐsuǐjīng' (chinesisch 洗髓經) and 'Yìjīnjīng' (chinesisch 易筋經). Out of them were later the Shaolin martial arts developed as well as the form 'Shiba luohan shou'(chinesisch 十八羅漢手 ‚ The 18 hands of the Arhats‘). But Bodhidharma taught the fight unlike his Shaolin followers only as a complementary discipline to attain enlightenment(jap. satori; chinesisch 悟 wù; skt. bodhi).

The dragon is in some scools of "Kung Fu" which leads much further than martial arts (chinese form of Buddha Vajrapani) a kind of synthesis of the four animals and therefore a kind of material Akasha, and therewith a guardian of the threshold, but here only regarding the material ethers.
Shaolin has in his background the Qigong and the Neigong and the Chan(Mahayana).

Alchemy
Some directions in the Taoismus practiced a kind of inner Alchemy, which was also transmitted to Europe in the Middle Ages.

The kernel of different taoist meditations are the practices of the "inner Alchemy" and enable processes of inner transformation.
"Ten months the embryo (the European Filius Philosophorum) stands under fire. After a year, the washings and the baths become warm, said the 'Lung Yen Ging'.
The reaching of the "golden elixir" corresponds the step of 16 the Universal Doctrine. The 5 elements have however one in the Taoismus slightly other meaning, just as the dragon.
In some scools of Daoism means the merger of qi in dantian (energetic Center of a person) to produce a "holy embryo" (Shengtai), which is given the eternal life.
This fusion of the male and female forces(Yin and Yang; Fuxi and Nüwa, who is said to have been both the sister and the wife of Fuxi) has also been similarly described in the european Rosarium philosophorum (Frankfurt, 1550, Germany) with 'Gabricus and Beya' as representatives of the masculine and feminine principle such as in the 'Xingming guizhi', what points generally on Chinese influences or at least a secret common knowledge of the initiates.
The small circle (Xiao-zhou-tian) corresponds (naturally first in full development) with the step of 10 the universal doctrine (Spinner of the wheel). The really fully unfolded large circulation corresponds at the same time already with the step of 12 the universal doctrine - comparable with te Ouroboros.
Lit. :
Richard Wilhelm / C. G. Young: The secret of the golden flower
Mantak Chia: Cosmic Fusion: The Inner Alchemy of the Eight Forces (Taoist Inner Alchemy Series)
The alchemistic book of the inner being and life energy (Xingming guizhi)
Lit. :
(Luc Théler) : Hunyuan Qi gong: "The path to the championship", delivers authentic knowledge and practical instructions, exactly like the different translations of the book " The secret of the golden flower".
In addition also " Mantak Chia : Taoist yoga (- the basics of the Qi gong - healing and Chi circling)"

Cosmic orientation
Traditional Taoism lends its attention on the Pole Star(Stella Polaris, Ursa Minor Alpha) and on the stars of the big bear.
The Hindus allocate their seven aboriginal Rishis to a place in the big bear. As Prototyps or enlivening origins of the Seven Heavenly Men(the planetary Logosses) are the seven beeings regarded, who manifest through the seven Stars of the of the bear.(A.A.B.;G.L. II. 668)

Mastership
The book Leng Yen says: 'By collecting the thoughts one can fly and will be born in Heaven. Heaven is not the wide blue sky, but the place where the body is made in the house of the creative. If one keeps this up for a long time, there develops quite naturally in addition to the body, yet another spirit-body.'
But the "Hsien" is only a magic master. First the Zhenren whom Chinese Buddhism sees as an 'enlightened arhat' or better the Julai is in chinese Taoism an immortal who realized his divinity (the step of 19 the universal doctrine) through successful practice of the higher taoist practices and doctrines.

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