Muhammad (Abū l-Qāsim Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib b. Hāšim b. ʿAbd Manāf al-Qurašī;), the founder of the Islamic religion, was born about 570 in Mecca and died 632 in Medina. In the Qur'an, in Sura 33, verse 40, he is called 'the seal of the prophets', which is often falsely interpreted as the last of all the prophets sent by Allah. Another title is Prince of Creation (seyyid-un-ka'inat). Sura 47 also deals with him.
The Sira of Ibn Ishaq is the oldest work about the life of Muhammad.
Mohammed worked in his youth as a shepherd after his parents and his uncle had died. He was a member of the Quraisch tribe, the leading clan in Mecca. Mohammed then moved into the household of the younger brother of his father, who worked as a dealer.
Around 595, his former employer, the 15-year-old merchant widow Chadidscha bint Chuwailid from the tribe of the Quraish, offered him marriage, whereby Mohammed obtained financial independence and social security. From her he had his daughter Fatima.
After his death, he is said to have married 12 other women, who are called mothers of the faithful (umm-ul-muminin).
Mohammed used to spend annually a month on the mountain Hira near Mecca for the purpose of penance and meditation. By 610 the archangel Gabriel (Jibril, Jibril) is said to have appeared in his dream, and he is said to have received his first revelation in a cave.
The revelation came at a time when Muhammad sought solitude. He received the first part of holy Qu'ran, according to his account of the angel Gabriel,(who had before appeared to the virgin Mary) and at first Muhammad experienced great pain and was afraid to die.
Muhammad was then instructed to recite the name of Allah, as the beginning of Sura 96, verses 1-5 says: Carry before in the name of your Lord, who created man from a clump of blood! Because your Lord is unsurpassed in the good, who brought near by the writing-tube und taught man what he did not know! "
After this first revelation, no new revelations came for a time. Then they came back and forth for the rest of his life. The revelations changed their style during the 22 years from more poetic to more prosaic, and also in terms of content, with warnings about what would happen if humanity did not adapt itself to the will of God in its rules and rules of behavior.
The Koran (al-qur'ān, the reading, recitation), the later compiled sacred book of Islam, includes 114 suras (chapters). It is written in a rhyme prose (Arabic : Sadsch) and refers in many passages to own other passages.
The Quran contains, however, a lot of strange expressions that make the position of the 'sole prophet of Allah wiggl. The presentation of the contents is abundantly coarse. It can hardly lead the believer without practical Sadhana on a path to Allah, as far as Allah wants him at all in heaven...* The five pillars (Arkan, Pillows) of the faith are particularly emphasized there:
* The essential beliefs are listed in Sura 2, verse 285:
Mohammed even succeeded in transforming the Kaaba (Sura 3, verses 96-97) in Mekka, which was according to Islamic false representation in Sura 22/26 built by Adam, and previously used as the sanctuary of the local deity Hubal of the Jāhilīya, into a islamic sanctuary.
Today's Kaaba is a new building from the 14th century. The visit of the Kaaba and the temporary meeting consolidates the Islamic community. It does not, however, lead to the spiritual development which is necessary for the entering into paradise, for which, among many other things, a transformation of vitality is necessary.
The unskilled sexuality is today (it re-appeared in demonstrations - the Taliban have their own dominant sight...) in the Orient an unsolved problem. At the time of Mohammed, a decadent caliphism ruled with harems(probably therefore the promises of huris in paradise). In Islam, despite the prohibitions, sexuality is hardly understood as 'coming from Satan'.
The explosion of population in Iran, Pakistan and Bangladesh, where 100 million people live on a territory as big as Ireland, and in Africa, speaks for itself. In Tibet and China, large-scale forests were cut down and more grazing was carried out, resulting in less rainfall in the neighboring areas, which also has a negative impact on the southern Sahara.
Today the Shiites, the followers of the Shia, regard Alīib Abī Tālib, the son-in-law and cousin of the Prophet Mohammed, as his successor (Caliph) and Imam, whom he designatet, and claim the general succession, which testifies to a Stone Age religious understanding, in which religion is inherited through genes - without a real spirituality in the background of the succession. The logical result is an alienated religion of unsuitable followers.
The larger group of the Sunnis represents a branch of Islam, which originates from the Caliphate founded by Abu Bakr. Behind the rivalries between the groupings, hides not only a lacking of education and position fights, but also financial problems, which are caused by wars and economic development and population development. Today some Islamic countries, especially for tourism, are trying to promote the visit of Mecca.
A well-known argument here is that when Shiites and Sunnis ask for the blessing of Allah, for whom should Allah choose?
Just like other world religions, Islam, which was soon frozen in outward rituals and rules, initially had its secret inner practice systems (for soulfully mature initiates).
Spirituality survived and developed later parallel to the official frozen Islam in the Sufism, which was little desired and counteracted. In addition, some gnostic groupings of Shia, such as the Ismailites, the Alevis, the Nusairiers and the Druze, also emerged.
Also, exercises are known, in which the student draws a circle around him in the sand. Then he spreads the fingers of the right hand and places the handplate on the right ear and meditates on the "silence" of the right ear (Awaz-i-Mustqim) , which is already in the direction of Sufism.
Muhammad's Ascension (Mi'rādsch) has three traditions:
This ride would be no more than a description of step 14 of the Universal Path: the sacred mountain is from the esoteric standpoint to be equated with mount Sinai or mount Zion of the Bible, the first ascension into the Divine and the beginning of the Samadhi - stage.
Mohammed's above alleged vision in Jerusalem concludes Jewish-Mosaic influences, and the clever mention of Jerusalem led to this being the third Islamic main sanctuary, and the influx of Islam expanded northwards as desired ...
In the jewish Merkaba literature much earlier than Islam just as above ladders, similar and much higher heavenly voyages (eg. Enoch a.o.) are described. Has Mohammed leaned at here, or did he have contacts to initiated jews in medina ?On the other hand, both Islam and the Jews refer to Abraham. Jesus, whose crucifixion in Islam is not universally acknowledged (Sura 4: 157), said to the Pharisees wo fasted, and kept the 10 commandments for show, that their father is not Abraham, but the Satan (since the spiritual development was completely lacking, which, of course, can not be attained by observing commandments and fasting alone, but only by the development of the spiritual soul.) The "holy people" of God are inwardly sanctified, transfigured and spiritually developed, independent of the religion concerned.
Islam received through the misunderstanding of the jihad et al. a bad reputation as violent, not only because of Al-Qaeda but also because of past warships to India and the former piracy in the Mediterranean sea. The sufi Al-Ghazali gave the jihad a new additional meaning: Not only was the battle on the battlefield jihad, but also the struggle against one's own lower ego (an-nafs al-ammara). In Sufism the 'great jihad' has the meaning of a great purification on the path :Whoever fights (jaahada), he fights only for his own self" (29: 6). The "Jihad" serves the "defense against the enemies and the devil" (the one on the Tarotcard 15, this also corresponds to the path of the warrior).
The true holy war (jihadun-nafs) with the option of "entering paradise" is in fact the long path of the step 15 of the Universal path (including, for example, the fight for ones own truth and justice). In past secularly "holy wars", the leaders of a secular Islam abused the intolerance and the fanaticism of undeveloped and good faith believers (comparable to the Christian crusades). Worldly promises such as "with seven virgins in paradise" speak for themselves, or only touch specific desires of spiritually undeveloped contemporaries. In Koran 44:52 there is also: 'There are girls with a chaste look which neither men nor jinn touched before them' , and 52:20, respectively : They are leaned on a row of resting cushions. And we will marry her with beautiful, big-eyed girls. In paradise are virgins and not wenches for lazy uncivilized 'Muslims' (like the Taliban a.o.) who in Afghanistan make a 14-head large family without foundation of existence and who live sometimes from the drug market and give nothing on the later problems of the many children - just as on the problems of the drug users.
Twelve Imams are, according to the Athnā'ashariyyah branch of Shia-Islam and Alevi-Islam, the only legitimate successors of the Prophet Mohammed, and thus pure guardians of his message.
The 12th was Imam Madhi al-Muntathar (born in 869 AD), who did nothing, and is still to live in secrecy and will appear before the end of the world, because otherwise the elitist belief system would wobble....A true IMAM (priest) has accomplished step 16 of the universal path, and is not only a skillful preacher with human feelings and intellectual logic and human interests. But how could such a thing arise from the rigid Islam?
The Quran - doctrine "There is only one God, and that is ALLAH" must therefore be relativized to a local belief which is adapted to that people 's receptive capacity. This god revealed himself (not only) to Mohammed through his angels. A common Kalma is "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger," which is separately in the Qur'an in 3: 2 "There is no God but Allah" and elsewhere in 48:29 with "Muhammad is Ambassador of Allah"Is occupied. We live in an universe of more than 20 billion lightyears diameter.Muhammad's consciousness was much too planetary to judge or understand this. He had certainly never heard of the cosmos and other higher divine hierarchies, like in the heavens of the sun. A more universal monistic view would be: On our planet there is only one planetary LOGOS, because in the highest divine everything is in unity: Allah is with his revelation angels is the Creator God (residing here as Jah Jahwe Zebaoth or as the Indian Ishvara). The nature of his revelations, however, speaks against Mohammed.
The official Islam sees itself as a revelation religion, and the mediated knowledge about Allah, his four angels, about the 10 prophets and the names of Allah fit seamlessly in the spiritual tradition.
In the Book of Job and in the opening of the Bible, similar things are conveyed. The love of God, which was later equated with Jesus'altuism' and charity, is found at first in the Old Testament.
A part of Islam expects unofficially (Hadithen) the last IMAM, the Madhi, the guide of the path, whois also depicted as a rider on a horse with long spear, but is not directly mentioned in the Koran.
The belief in the Madhi as the sole second prophet is a presumption, which is to expose Islam again. This teaching with the representation of the Madhi as a rider on a horse probably descended from the iranic Zend Avesta and was simply collected and redesigned for Islam.
Here the expectations go wild, because the self-realization and the clairvoyance are missing and group interests are predominant.
In the much older Zoroastrian, the world-solver Sosiosh (Zend) or Soshyos (Persian) comes similarly on a white horse wrapped in a whirl of fire [Avesta (Yast 19:89)]. The indian Kalki rides similarly on a horse.
Sufism is unofficially often counted among Islam, whose masters became popular in the West. Many Sufiorders, however, dissociate themselves from official Islam, where Sufism is little regarded and also fiercely combated. A Sufi is also often described as someone who has turned away from the world and takes the path to Allah. Therefore every Arab country has its own Sufimeister.
The visions of God about which Sufis report, are classified as secondary by official Islam, and only the vision of Mohammed is accepted as "the Vision", but actually the critics cannot judge this lacking own visions(Surah 70, 1-4) and have probably never heard about jewish merkaba.